Published in

MDPI, Journal of Marine Science and Engineering, 4(8), p. 268, 2020

DOI: 10.3390/jmse8040268



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Varying Biological Activity and Wind Stress Affect the DMS Response during the SAGE Iron Enrichment Experiment

This paper is made freely available by the publisher.
This paper is made freely available by the publisher.

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Data provided by SHERPA/RoMEO


Surface dissolved dimethylsulfide (DMS) and depth-integrated dimethylsulfoniopropionate (DMSP) measurements were made from March to April 2004 during the SOLAS Air–Sea Gas Exchange Experiment (SAGE), a multiple iron enrichment experiment in subantarctic waters SE of New Zealand. During the first two iron enrichments, chl a and DMS production were constrained, but during the third enrichment, large pulses of DMS occurred in the fertilised IN patch, compared with the unfertilised OUT patch. During the third and fourth iron infusions, total chl a concentrations doubled from 0.52 to 1.02 µg/L. Hapto8s and prasinophytes accounted for 50%, and 20%, respectively, of total chl a. The large pulses of DMS during the third iron enrichment occurred during high dissolved DMSP concentrations and wind strength; changes in dinoflagellate, haptophyte, and cyanobacteria biomass; and increased microzooplankton grazing that exerted a top down control on phytoplankton production. A further fourth iron enrichment did cause surface waters to increase in DMS, but the effect was not as great as that recorded in the third enrichment. Differences in the biological response between SAGE and several other iron enrichment experiments were concluded to reflect microzooplankton grazing activities and the microbial loop dominance, resulting from mixing of the MLD during storm activity and high winds during iron enrichment.

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